(Palm tree (dates
Palm tree (dates)
The monocots tropical plant that is one of the palms family. Its fruit has a hard seed, a thin
skin and a sweet taste that is hanging in big clusters and its leaves are large. The height of
Palm tree is 10 to 20 meters. Date had been in human diet from ancient time due to its
nutritional value and is one of the first fruits cultivated by human. Kharak is the name of date
when it is raw. Before it completely ripped, it is called Rotab which has more humidity and
less sugar than ripped date. The most important defference between Rotab and Date is the
amount of suger in it and humidity, this feature causes to rotab be helpful in curing diabetes
and overweight more than dried dates.
Difference between Rotab and Date
The fruit of Rotab and Date are different. First, the female palm blooms become a green and
hard fruit with seed which is called Chaghali. Next, they become Yellow or red which are
called Kharak. These fruits then become darker due to hot weather and sun light which are
called Rotab. The fruits of some trees are picked when they are in this stage such as Mazafati
and Kabkab(yellow) Rotab, and some others should be stayed on the tree for 20 hot days to
be semi aried and are called Date such as Zahedi and Pyaram. Some of the kinds also are
completely dried to sale.
Benefits of Date:
Dates contain 25% sucrose, 50% glucose, and albuminous substances, pectin and water. This
fruit is rich in vitamins such as A, B, C, E, vitamins and also contains minerals such as
phosphorus, calcium, iron, iodine and magnesium each of which plays a vital role in human
health. The phosphorus in the date make the nerve cells alive and is very useful for anemia.
Also, due to magnesium, it boosts muscle power and body strength.
Magnesium and colored substances in date, are anti-oxidant, and anti-cancerous and helpful
for hearing, vision, back pain, joint pain, and chest and lung treatment. The Vitamin B exist
in date helps to balance the nerves and stimulates growth.
Date is as an elixir for energy recovery and skin health. It is full of fiber. It is also called
black gold of south of Iran which is used for cooking and making different drinks and foods.
Different uses of Date:
The leaves and branches of the palm tree, are used to making mat, curtain, basket,
handkerchief, broom and etc. the seeds are used ti backing bread and the fruits are used to
making wine and date honey. The seed flour is also used for backing bread. It is used also as
coffee due to its good smell. The desert inhabitants use the mix of date seeds and water as a
meal for their camels.
In the middle of the palm tree trunk, there is a milky white flesh that has a sweet taste called
"palm cheese" that has high nutritional value and is very expensive. At the beginning of
spring, when the palm blossoms, the blossoms which are called Tarooneh, are picked.
Taroone extract is made by these blossoms which is good for stomachache and heart.